synthetic-base mud | Energy Glossary

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synthetic-base mud

1. n. [Drilling Fluids]

Nonaqueous, water-internal (invert) emulsion muds in which the external phase is a synthetic fluid rather than an oil. This and other more minor changes in formulations have made synthetic fluids in muds more environmentally acceptable for offshore use. Synthetic muds are popular in most offshore drilling areas, despite high initial mud costs, because of their environmental acceptance and approval to dispose of cuttings into the water. "Oil mud" should not be used to describe synthetic-base muds.

See: calcium chlorideconventional muddiesel-oil muddrilling fluidelectrical stability testflash pointinvert-emulsion oil mudisomerized olefinlignitelinear alphaolefinoil contentoil mudolefinic hydrocarbonrheology modifiershalesheen testspotting fluidsynsynthetic-base fluidsynthetic/brine ratiosynthetic/water ratiowater-in-oil emulsion