1. n. [Geophysics]
The ability to distinguish between separate points or objects, such as sedimentary sequences in a seismic section. High frequency and short wavelengths provide better vertical and lateral resolution. Seismic processing can greatly affect resolution: deconvolution can improve vertical resolution by producing a broad bandwidth with high frequencies and a relatively compressed wavelet. Migration can improve lateral resolution by reducing the size of the Fresnel zone.
See: acquisition, band, deconvolution, migration, phase, processing, seismic modeling, tuning effect, water gun, wavelet