1. n. [Drilling]
The structure used to support the crown block and the drillstring. Masts are usually rectangular or trapezoidal in shape and offer a very good stiffness, important to land rigs whose mast is laid down when the rig is moved. They suffer from being heavier than conventional derricks and consequently are not usually found in offshore environments, where weight is more of a concern than in land operations.
See: crown block, derrick, escape line, gooseneck, vee-door