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skin factor

1. n. [Well Testing]

A numerical value used to analytically model the difference from the pressure drop predicted by Darcy's law due to skin. Typical values for the skin factor range from -6 for an infinite-conductivity massive hydraulic fracture to more than 100 for a poorly executed gravel pack. This value is highly dependent on the value of kh. For example, a 20-psi [138-kPa] total pressure drop related to skin effect could produce almost any skin factor, depending on the value of kh. For any given pressure drop from skin effect, the skin factor increases proportionally as kh increases.

See: gravel packhydraulic fracturingpermeability thicknessskin effect