1. n. [Drilling Fluids]
An oil mud designed and maintained with a minimum of colloid-sized solids, typically by omitting fatty-acid soap and lime, and minimizing organophilic clays and fluid-loss additives. Low-colloid oil mud, also called a relaxed filtrate oil mud, increases drilling rate. A disadvantage is that filter cake formed on sands is not tight, can quickly become very thick, and can cause pipe to stick by differential pressure.
Synonyms: relaxed-filtrate oil mud
Alternate Form: low colloid oil mud
See: differential pressure sticking, filtration, gilsonite, oil-mud emulsifier, organophilic clay