1. n. [Geophysics]
Any compensating factor used to bring measurements to a common datum or reference plane. In gravity surveying, elevation corrections include the Bouguer and free-air corrections. Seismic data undergo a static correction to reduce the effects of topography and low-velocity zones near the Earth's surface. Well log headers include the elevation of the drilling rig's kelly bushing and, for onshore locations, the height of the location above sea level, so that well log depths can be corrected to sea level.
See: Bouguer correction, free-air correction, gravity survey, kelly bushing, static correction