gauge hole | Energy Glossary

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gauge hole

1. n. [Drilling]

A wellbore that is essentially the same diameter as the bit that was used to drill it. It is common to find well-consolidated sandstones and carbonate rocks that remain gauge after being drilled. For clays, it is common for the hole to slowly enlarge with the passing of time, especially if water-base muds are being used. Bit gauges, rings of defined circumference, are slipped around drill bits to detect and measure wear, which reduces the circumference of the bit during drilling.

See: drill biterosionwater-based drilling fluid

Photograph of gauge hole.