heavy oil

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Crude oil with high viscosity (typically above 10 cP), and high specific gravity. The API classifies heavy oil as crudes with a gravity below 22.3° API. In addition to high viscosity and high specific gravity, heavy oils typically have low hydrogen-to-carbon ratios; high asphaltene, sulfur, nitrogen, and heavy-metal content; and higher acid numbers.

Synonyms: viscous oil

See: crude oil

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