**1. n. []**

The pressure required to induce fractures in rock at a given depth.

**See:**
fracture,
leakoff test

**2. n. []**

The factor used to determine formation fracturing pressure as a function of well depth in units of psi/ft. For example, a fracture gradient of 0.7 psi/ft [15.8 kPa/m] in a well with a true vertical depth of 8000 ft [2440 m] would predict a fracturing pressure of 5600 psi [38.6 MPa].