amplitude anomaly | Energy Glossary

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amplitude anomaly

1. n. []

An abrupt increase in seismic amplitude that can indicate the presence of hydrocarbons, although such anomalies can also result from processing problems, geometric or velocity focusing or changes in lithology. Amplitude anomalies that indicate the presence of hydrocarbons can result from sudden changes in acoustic impedance, such as when a gas sand underlies a shale, and in that case, the term is used synonymously with hydrocarbon indicator.

Synonyms: bright spot

See: amplitudeanomalyprocessingreflection