1. n. [Formation Evaluation]
A method for the measurement of fluid saturations in a core sample by distillation extraction. The water in the sample is vaporized by boiling solvent, then condensed and collected in a calibrated trap. This gives the volume of water in the sample. The solvent is also condensed, then flows back over the sample and extracts the oil. Extraction continues for a minimum of two days until the extracted solvent is clean or the sample shows no more fluorescence. The weight of the sample is measured before and after extraction. Then the volume of oil is calculated from the loss in weight of the sample minus the weight of the water removed from it. Saturations are calculated from the volumes.